Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company's effective income tax rates were 86.4% and 19.2%, respectively. The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was impacted primarily by the change in mix of book income or loss among jurisdictions, a revaluation of the valuation allowance against deferred tax assets for a foreign operating loss carryforward, and rate arbitrage between the current year expected taxable net operating loss and the tax rate in the year the carryback would offset.
Income tax expense, deferred tax assets and related liabilities are based on estimates. The likelihood of realizing the benefits of the deferred tax assets was assessed as of March 31, 2020 and a $1.5 million valuation allowance adjustment was recorded related the expected portion of tax benefits that would not be realized in certain foreign jurisdictions based on available evidence. The Company will continue to monitor the realizability of deferred tax assets, particularly in certain foreign jurisdictions where the COVID-19 pandemic has started to create significant net operating losses. The ability to recover these deferred tax assets depends on several factors, including results of operations and the ability to project future taxable income in those jurisdictions. If it is determined that some additional portion of the tax benefits will not be realized, valuation allowance would be recorded, which would increase income tax expense. Total deferred tax assets as of March 31, 2020 were approximately $73.8 million, of which approximately $14.8 million related to foreign jurisdictions where the Company expects to incur significant net operating losses in the near term, although the risks of failing to realize these benefits vary across jurisdictions.