Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis Of Presentation And Organization Estimates and Assumptions (Policies)

Basis Of Presentation And Organization Estimates and Assumptions (Policies)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Text Block [Abstract]  
Principles of Consolidation
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Columbia Sportswear Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Estimates and Assumptions
Estimates and Assumptions
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from these estimates and assumptions. Some of the more significant estimates relate to revenue recognition, allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable, excess, close-out and slow moving inventory, product warranty, impairment of long-lived assets, intangible assets and goodwill, income taxes, and stock-based compensation.
A novel strain of coronavirus ("COVID-19") was first identified in China in December 2019 and a global pandemic of respiratory disease caused by COVID-19 was declared by the World Health Organization in March 2020. As of March 31, 2020, in response to this pandemic, many governments worldwide had implemented travel restrictions, business shutdowns or slowdowns, and shelter-in-place or stay-at-home orders. In first quarter 2020, lower consumer demand related to the COVID-19 pandemic began to impact the Company's financial performance in China in late January, Korea and Japan in early February and North America and Europe in March. Retail traffic trends declined across North America and Europe in early March, prior to store closures which began in mid-March. As of the date of this filing, certain regional and local governments have lifted restrictions and orders.
The current environment of uncertainty significantly affected the March 31, 2020 estimates for allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable and excess, close-out and slow-moving inventory. These estimates involve assumptions about future events. The allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable includes assumptions about the future financial condition of our customers and their ability to make required payments. The provision for excess, close-out and slow moving inventory includes assumptions about future demand for the Company’s products and the Company's ability to sell them at a profit.
As a result of lower consumer demand related to the COVID-19 pandemic, we tested certain retail locations and their respective lease right-of-use assets for impairment. While no significant impairments were identified, further declines in projected future performance or significant declines in market rents for retail spaces may adversely affect the recovery of these retail locations assets. Additionally, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and a significant decline in projected net sales, the prAna brand's trademark and goodwill were tested for impairment as of March 31, 2020. While no impairment was indicated during the first quarter 2020 tests, the degree by which the fair value of the prAna reporting unit and trademark exceeded their respective carrying values declined from our 2019 impairment test. If, due to the current level of uncertainty relating to the COVID-19 pandemic, the prAna brand's actual or projected future performance deteriorates from the projections considered in our first quarter 2020 impairment tests, it is possible that an impairment charge would be required.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements and Not Yet Adopted
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40) issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") in August 2018, which clarifies certain aspects of accounting for implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement ("CCA") that is a service contract. Under the ASU, an entity would expense costs incurred in the preliminary-project and post-implementation-operation stages. The entity would also
capitalize certain costs incurred during the application-development stage, as well as certain costs related to enhancements. The ASU does not change the accounting for the service component of a CCA. The Company adopted the standard using the prospective method and anticipates an increase in cloud-specific implementation assets as specific cloud initiatives are executed by the Company. These assets will generally be included in Other non-current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and will amortize over their assessed useful lives or the term of the underlying cloud computing hosting contract, whichever is shorter. Upon the adoption of the standard, there was no immediate impact to the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment issued by the FASB in January 2017, which simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairments by eliminating step two from the goodwill impairment test. Under this guidance, if the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its estimated fair value, an impairment charge shall be recognized in an amount equal to that excess, limited to the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The impact of the new standard will depend on the specific facts and circumstances of future individual goodwill impairments, if any.
Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments issued by the FASB in June 2016, as well as the clarifying amendments subsequently issued. The pronouncement changes the impairment model for most financial assets and will require the use of an "expected loss" model for instruments measured at amortized cost. Under this model, entities will be required to estimate the lifetime expected credit loss on such instruments and record an allowance to offset the amortized cost basis of the financial asset, resulting in a net presentation of the amount expected to be collected on the financial asset. Upon adoption of the standard, there was no immediate impact to the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows. On an ongoing basis, the Company will contemplate forward-looking economic conditions in recording lifetime expected credit losses for the Company’s financial assets measured at cost, such as the Company’s trade receivables and certain short-term investments. The following significant accounting policy has been updated since the Company’s 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K as a result of adoption of ASU No.2016-13:
Accounts Receivable
Accounts receivable have been reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company maintains the allowance for estimated losses resulting from the inability of the Company's customers to make required payments. The allowance represents the current estimate of lifetime expected credit losses over the remaining duration of existing accounts receivable considering current market conditions and supportable forecasts when appropriate. The estimate is a result of the Company’s ongoing evaluation of collectability, customer creditworthiness, historical levels of credit losses, and future expectations. Write-off activity and recoveries for the periods presented were not material.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which, among other things, removes specific exceptions for recognizing deferred taxes for investments, performing intraperiod allocation and calculating income taxes in interim periods, as well as targeted impacts to the accounting for taxes under hybrid tax regimes. This standard is effective beginning in the first quarter of 2021 on a prospective basis, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this accounting standard will have on the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.