Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Related Party Transactions

Related Party Transactions
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2016
Related Party Transactions [Abstract]  
Related Party Transactions Disclosure [Text Block]
On January 1, 2014, the Company commenced operations of a majority-owned joint venture in mainland China. Upon commencement, the joint venture entered into Transition Services Agreements ("TSAs") with Swire, the non-controlling shareholder in the joint venture, under which Swire renders administrative and information technology services on behalf of the joint venture. The joint venture incurred service fees, valued under the TSAs at Swire's cost of $3,294,000, $5,974,000 and $8,638,000 for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. These fees are included in SG&A expenses on the Consolidated Statement of Operations. In addition, the joint venture pays Swire sourcing fees related to the purchase of certain inventory. These sourcing fees are capitalized into inventories and charged to cost of sales as the inventories are sold. For the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, the joint venture incurred sourcing fees of $71,000, $396,000 and $388,000, respectively.
In 2014, both the Company and Swire funded long-term loans to the joint venture. The Company's loan has been eliminated in consolidation, while the Swire loan is reflected as note payable to related party on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2016 and 2015. The note with Swire, in the principal amount of 97,600,000 RMB (US$14,053,000 at December 31, 2016), matures on December 31, 2018 and bears interest at a fixed annual rate of 7%. Interest expense related to this note was $1,041,000, $1,099,000 $1,053,000 for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, payables to Swire for service fees and interest expense totaled $707,000 and $1,472,000, respectively, and were included in accounts payable on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
In addition to the transactions described above, Swire is also a third-party distributor of the Company's brands in certain regions outside of mainland China and purchases products from the Company under the Company's normal third-party distributor terms and pricing.